Water Damage Solutions: The Complete Guide
You will need to attend to water damage in your house before it gets out of hand. However, you will first need to zero in on the cause and source, which may take weeks or even months. Since time is precious here, you will need to act fast.
You can start by narrowing down the items that could suffer water damage, including carpets, furniture, or even the walls or ceilings. You can add other sensitive and essential things to this list, such as documents.
So, you will need to start the repairs immediately whenever your house floods and suffers water damage before it spreads and adversely affects your livelihood.
You may also need to stay elsewhere for a couple of days, such as in a hotel or motel, as the restoration is in progress, which may disrupt your routine.
So, you will need to consider all these aspects when your house floods or there is a leak, and you must restore it by repairing or reversing the damage.
However, before that, you must find the source or the cause of the flood or leak.
Causes Of Water Damage
Water damage can occur for various reasons. For instance, there may be a broken pipe in your plumbing system through which water leaks, a wall, or a roof. Whatever the cause, you will need to find and remove it quickly and permanently.
So, here are a few common causes of water damage to houses or other such buildings or properties.
1. Leaking Walls or Roofs
Roofs and walls, especially in old houses, can leak and cause potential damage to the structure, paint, and other such materials. You can have leaking roofs or walls, even in new houses. However, older roofs may be more vulnerable here, especially when unfavorable weather conditions, such as heavy rain or snowfall, hit your home.
The damage may also occur gradually, and you may not even know about it until it’s too late.
2. Broken Pipes
Broken or leaking pipes can also cause water damage. However, it may be slower than leaking roofs, or sewage backups, depending on the water levels. Plumbing systems consist of several pipes which may break and lead to leaks and overflows that cause damage to your house or belongings.
You can have broken pipes anywhere in the house, but they are more common in toilets, bathtubs, and sinks. Moreover, the water flowing through and out of the broken toilet pipes, or sinks, can mix with the sewage components backing up from the gutters, causing damage to different household elements.
Condensation is another significant and common cause of water damage to your house. In such cases, the damage caused may be due to leaking or malfunctioning air conditioning units or improperly draining ones. The water formed through condensation can penetrate the walls, ceilings, and flooring, leading to mold growth and significant structural damage.
Types Of Water Damage
There are four types or classes of water damage that properties such as houses can suffer due to flooding, depending on the water standing and absorbed and the time required for repairs and drying.
1. Class 1
Houses can suffer Class 1 water damage in the following cases.
- There is minimal water absorption.
- Highly porous materials exist in at least 5% of the affected areas.
- The water standing is potable.
- The source is contaminated.
- The affected areas have materials with minimal moisture and low evaporation rates.
2. Class 2
The following factors may influence Class 2 water damage.
- 5-40% of the affected materials or areas are porous.
- There are burst or broken pipes within the walls or floors with insulating materials.
- The evaporation and removal processes take more time.
3. Class 3
Class 3 water damage may occur in the following cases.
- Over 40% of the affected areas consist of porous materials.
- There is significant water absorption.
- The water evaporates slowly.
- You have broken or damaged water mains.
4. Class 4
Class 4 water damage may occur due to the following reasons:
- The affected areas consist of non-porous materials, such as plaster, wood, or concrete that deeply absorb the water.
- Removing the standing water becomes complex, time-consuming, and expensive and may require specialized equipment, longer processes, and help from professional water damage restoration companies.
Types Of Water Contaminants
Water damage restoration companies categorize not only the damage that your house or the elements suffer due to flooding or storms but also the components, or more specifically, the contaminants, present in the standing water. There are three types or classes of contaminants, depending on the microorganisms and other pollutants in the standing water and the rate and way they enter and spread within the affected space.
1. Category – 1
Contaminated sanitary water from the surrounding environment, such as melted snow or ice, rainwater, and even that present in toilet tanks, belong to Category – 1, as they contain minimal pollutants and are usually safe to use.
2. Category – 2
Water restoration experts consider those flood or storm water sources as Category – 2 contaminants that may be laden with potential disease-causing components, such as dishwashers, aquariums, washing machine discharges, waterbeds, and toilets.
3. Category – 3
Category – 3 water can be considered the highest or most contaminated source since it consists of toxic, pathogenic, and other harmful chemical agents, including pesticides, that may be detrimental to health and the environment.
The sources here may include sewage backups, river water, and the water from tropical storms and hurricanes, which often lead to floods.
Water Repair Solutions
Water standing in your house due to flooding can pose several potential risks that may lead to emotional, physical, and financial instability. The most common risks associated with standing water may include
The damage that standing water can do to the house or property or its items, including furniture, carpets, rugs, clothing, electronic items, and vital documents.
The diseases and other concerns it can carry are mold and bacterial growth, pest or bug infestation.
Water seeping into the house may also stagnate and drive up the costs involved in getting rid of it, cleaning and disinfecting the affected surfaces, and repairing the damage.
So, whenever a flood occurs in your house or property, you must get rid of the standing water, attempt repairs, reverse the damage, and restore your home as soon as possible before it spreads.
Most standard water damage solutions used to remove standing water caused by flooding involve two steps.
1. Responding to Water Damage
You will need to respond to the situation as quickly as possible to prevent standing water from spreading further and causing potential damage to your house or belongings. So, here’s what you may need to do.
- Cut the power supply, especially in the affected areas.
- Find the source and stop the leak.
- Document the damage with the help of relevant photographs.
- Check for mold or mildew.
- Shift items to an unaffected room or area.
- Drain the water, if possible.
- Dry the affected area.
2. Restoration Techniques
So, after assessing the damage caused and prepping the affected area, you can start the restoration process. Most water damage restoration processes involve the following steps.
- Dry affected items.
- Replace drywall and other such materials.
- Deal with mold and mildew.
- Attend to structural damage to the foundation, frames, or roofs, if any.
- Deep-cleaning affected areas with the help of advanced, state-of-the-art equipment.
While not recommended due to the efforts and expenses involved, you can also use DIY techniques to remove the water standing to restore your house. You can use many methods to remove the standing water, but here’s what most professional water damage restoration companies do.
- Remove the standing water using industrial-grade vacuums.
- Dry the carpets, flooring, and subflooring using dehumidifiers.
- Assess and attend to the underlying damage.
- Get furniture, appliances, and other such household items repaired.
- Clean and disinfect the affected areas.
You may find lots of DIY solutions online that help you take care of the water standing in your house due to flooding. However, it would always be better to get help from water damage restoration professionals, such as Water Damage Near Me, as they have the experience and expertise required to assess and deal with the situation. However, when hiring such experts, you also need to pay attention to the costs and possibly, use your homeowner’s insurance, if you have one, to mitigate them.
Here’s a quick look at the processes involved in standard water damage solutions.
Use state-of-the-art, industrial-grade equipment to remove the standing water.
Dry out the affected areas with the help of dehumidifiers, air movers, and other such machinery.
Assess and attend to the underlying damage.
Clean and disinfect the walls and other such surfaces.
The cost of implementing these solutions may vary, depending on several factors, including the amount of water standing and damage.
So, it may do you good to find licensed and experienced professionals, especially someone you trust, for the job to minimize the cost. Such companies help you deal with the problem by collaborating with your insurance provider to reduce the costs.